What is Direct and Indirect speech?

yeasin arafat (rubel)
Yeasin arafat (Rubel)

What is Direct Speech  or vice-versa ?
Direct speech is the exact words spoken.If we write direct speech , we place the words spoken between quotation marks (” “)and there is no change in these words.
EXAMPLES of Direct speech 

She says, “What time will you be home?”
She said, “What time will you be home?” and I said, “I don’t know! “
INDIRECT SPEECH

Indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past .As result we have to change tense of the words spoken . When written, indirect speech is not normally enclosed in quotation marks or any similar typographical devices for indicating that a direct quotation is being made .We use reporting verbs like ‘say’, ‘tell’, ‘ask’, and we may use the word ‘that’ to introduce the reported words. Inverted commas are not used.
She said, “I saw him  .” (direct speech) = She said that she had seen him. (indirect speech)

‘That’ may be omitted:
She told him that she was happy. = She told him she was happy.
SAY’ AND ‘TELL’
Use ‘say’ when there is no indirect object:
He said that he was tired.

Always use ‘tell’ when you say who was being spoken to (i.e. with an indirect object):
He told me that he was tired.

‘TALK’ AND ‘SPEAK’
  • Use these verbs to describe the action of communicating:
  • He talked to us.
  • She was speaking on the telephone.

  • Use these verbs with ‘about’ to refer to what was said:
  • He talked (to us) about his parents.

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